Treasure Island's Rich History

Treasure Island's history dates back to 1528. Not long after Christopher Columbus discovered the New World, Spanish explorers came ashore on the Pinellas Peninsula and discovered what is now known as Treasure Island.

Nestled between the Gulf of Mexico and Boca Ciega Bay, the peaceful mangrove-filled island served as a refuge for marine life and several tribes of migrating Indians. But Indians, like the gentle Timucuan tribe, were soon driven away by Europeans searching for gold and a never-to-be found Fountain of Youth.

For decades, the island's bird sanctuaries remained virtually undisturbed, save for pirates and smugglers taking advantage of the pristine island hideaway and hearty settlers intent on fishing and hunting.

Today, some 400 years between discovery and development, the 3.5-mile long island is home to some 7,266 year round residents. During the tourist season the island is host to thousands of visitors while still maintaining its natural beauty.